13 – Personnel expenses and employees

Personnel expenses

Personnel expenses increased by 3.6%, from €8,963 million in 2012 to €9,285 million in 2013. This was largely attributable to higher pension benefits, wage and salary increases and the increased number of employees.

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Personnel expenses (million €)

 

2013

2012

Wages and salaries

7,455

7,269

Social security contributions and expenses for pensions and assistance

1,830

1,694

Thereof for pension benefits

579

408

Personnel expenses

9,285

8,963

Number of employees

The number of employees was 112,206 on December 31, 2013 (December 31, 2012: 110,782 employees).

The average number of employees was distributed over the regions as follows:

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Average number of employees

 

2013

2012

Europe

71,000

70,583

Thereof Germany

52,568

52,054

North America

16,838

16,216

Asia Pacific

16,533

16,105

South America, Africa, Middle East

7,473

7,065

BASF Group

111,844

109,969

Thereof apprentices and trainees

2,639

2,464

temporary staff

2,617

2,930

Employees from joint operations are included in the average number of employees relative to BASF’s share in the company. On average 344 employees worked for joint operations in 2013 (2012: 317 employees).