BASF Report 2022

1. Summary of Accounting Policies

1.1 General information

BASF SE (registered at the district trade register, or Amtsgericht, for Ludwigshafen am Rhein, number HRB 6000) is a publicly listed corporation headquartered in Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Germany. Its official address is Carl-Bosch-Str. 38, 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Germany.

The Consolidated Financial Statements of BASF SE as of December 31, 2022, have been prepared in accordance with the Inter­national Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) of the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), and section 315e (1) of the German Commercial Code (HGB). IFRSs are generally only applied after they have been endorsed by the European Union. For the 2022 fiscal year, all of the binding IFRSs and pronouncements of the International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee (IFRIC) were applied. The Consolidated Financial Statements are for the period from January 1, 2022 to December 31, 2022, and are presented in euros. They are written in German and translated into English. All amounts, including the figures for previous years, are given in million euros unless otherwise indicated. Due to rounding, individual figures in this report may not add up to the totals shown and percentages may not correspond exactly to the figures shown.

The individual financial statements of the consolidated companies are prepared as of the balance sheet date of the Consolidated Financial Statements. Business continuity is assumed. The accounting policies applied are largely the same as those used in 2021.

For more information, see:

On February 21, 2023, the Board of Executive Directors prepared the Consolidated Financial Statements, submitted them to the Supervisory Board for review and approval, and released them for publication.

1.2 Changes in accounting principles

Accounting policies applied for the first time in 2022

The amendments shown in the table had no material effect on BASF SE’s Consolidated Financial Statements.

Accounting policies applied for the first time in 2022


Name of standard/interpretation or amendments

Date of publication

Date of endorsement by the E.U.

Amendments to IFRS 3

Business Combinations (Amendment to References to the Conceptual Framework)

May 14, 2020

June 28, 2021

Amendments to IAS 16

Property, Plant and Equipment (Proceeds before Intended Use)

May 14, 2020

June 28, 2021

Amendments to IAS 37

Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets (Onerous Contracts - Cost of Fulfilling a Contract)

May 14, 2020

June 28, 2021

Annual improvements to IFRS 2018–2020

Amendments to
IFRS 1 (Subsidiary as a First-Time Adopter)
IFRS 9 (Fees in the “10% Test” for Derecognition of Financial Liabilities)
IFRS 16 (Lease Incentives)
IAS 41 (Taxation in Fair Value Measurements)

May 14, 2020

June 28, 2021

IFRSs and IFRICs not yet to be considered but already endorsed by the E.U.

The effects on the BASF Group financial statements of the IFRSs and IFRICs not yet in force in 2022 but already endorsed by the European Union were reviewed. The amendments to IAS 12, which serve to clarify how companies account for deferred taxes on transactions such as leases and decommissioning obligations, are already being applied in BASF’s financial statements. Transactions within the scope of application of IFRS 17 were identified for BASF to a minor extent only. The other amendments are also unlikely to have a material impact on the reporting of BASF and were not adopted early.

IFRSs and IFRICs not yet to be considered but already endorsed by the E.U.

Standard/ interpretation

Name of standard/interpretation or amendments

Date of publication

Date of endorsement by the E.U.

Mandatory date of initial application

Introduction of IFRS 17

Insurance Contracts (Including Amendments to the Standard)

May 18, 2017 June 25, 2020

November 19, 2021

January 1, 2023

Amendments to IFRS 17

Insurance Contracts (Initial Application of IFRS 17 and IFRS 9 – Comparative Information)

December 9, 2021

September 8, 2022


Amendments to IAS 1 and IFRS Practice Statement 2

Presentation of Financial Statements and Making Materiality Judgements (Presentation of Key Accounting Policies)

February 12, 2021

March 2, 2022

January 1, 2023

Amendments to IAS 8

Accounting Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors (Definition of Changes in Accounting Policies and Accounting Estimates)

February 12, 2021

March 2, 2022

January 1, 2023

Amendments to IAS 12

Income Taxes (Deferred Tax Related to Assets and Liabilities Arising from a Single Transaction)

May 7, 2021

August 11, 2022

January 1, 2023

IFRSs and IFRICs not yet to be considered and not yet endorsed by the E.U.

The IASB issued further amendments to standards and inter­pretations which are still subject to E.U. endorsement and whose application is not yet mandatory. None of these amendments are likely to have a material impact on BASF’s reporting. BASF does not plan on early adoption of these amendments.

IFRSs and IFRICs not yet to be considered and not yet endorsed by the E.U.


Name of standard/interpretation or amendments

Date of publication

Expected date of initial application

Amendments to IAS 1

Presentation of Financial Statements


January 1, 2024


Classification of Liabilities as Current or Noncurrent

January 23, 2020



Deferral of Effective Date

July 15, 2020



Classification of Noncurrent Liabilities with Covenants

October 31, 2022


Amendments to IFRS 16

Leases (Accounting of a Lease Liability in a Sale and Leaseback)

September 22, 2022

January 1, 2024

1.3 Group accounting principles

Scope of consolidation: The scope of consolidation is based on the application of the standards IFRS 10 and 11.

According to IFRS 10, a group consists of a parent entity and the subsidiaries controlled by the parent. “Control” of an investee assumes the simultaneous fulfillment of the following three criteria:

  • The parent company holds decision-making power over the relevant activities of the investee
  • The parent company has rights to variable returns from the investee
  • The parent company can use its decision-making power to affect the variable returns

Fulfillment of these three criteria is analyzed based on the corporate governance structure of the companies.

According to IFRS 11, which regulates the accounting of joint arrangements, a distinction must be made between joint ventures and joint operations. In the case of a joint venture, the parties that have joint control of a legally independent company have rights to the net assets of that arrangement. In joint operations, the parties that have joint control have direct rights to the assets and obligations for the liabilities relating to the arrangement. This requirement is particularly fulfilled if the production output of the joint arrangement is almost entirely transferred to the partners, through which the partners guarantee the joint arrangements’ ongoing financing.

Companies whose corporate governance structures classify them as joint arrangements are analyzed to determine if they meet the criteria for joint ventures or joint operations in accordance with IFRS 11. Should the arrangement be structured through a separate vehicle, its legal form, contractual arrangements and all other facts and circumstances are reviewed.

In addition to BASF SE, the Consolidated Financial Statements include all material subsidiaries on a fully consolidated and all material joint operations on a proportionally consolidated basis. Companies whose business is dormant or of low volume, and are of minor importance for the presentation of a true and fair view of the net assets, financial position and results of operations, are not consolidated, but rather are reported under other shareholdings. These companies are carried at amortized cost and are written down in the case of an impairment. The aggregate assets and equity of these companies amount to less than 1% of the corresponding value at Group level.

Joint ventures and associated companies are accounted for using the equity method in the Consolidated Financial Statements. Associated companies are entities that are not subsidiaries, joint ventures or joint operations, and over whose operating and financial policies significant influence can be exercised. In general, this applies to companies in which BASF has an investment of between 20% and 50%. Associated companies and joint ventures that are fully or predominantly allocated to operating divisions are classified as integral because they are integrated into the value chain of the respective division; are controlled by the divisions; and they generate their income in close cooperation with the other assets of the BASF Group and/or of these divisions. Equity-accounted income from integral joint ventures or associated companies is reported as part of income from operations (EBIT).

Equity-accounted income from non-integral associated companies is reported in net income from shareholdings.

Consolidation methods: Assets and liabilities of consolidated companies are uniformly recognized and measured in accordance with the principles described herein. For companies accounted for using the equity method, material deviations in measurement resulting from the application of other accounting principles than those applied by BASF are adjusted.

Transactions between consolidated companies as well as inter­company profits resulting from trade between consolidated companies are eliminated in full. Sales and material other balances and transactions between joint operations and fully consolidated Group companies are also eliminated. Material intercompany profits related to companies accounted for using the equity method are eliminated.

Capital consolidation is conducted at the acquisition date according to the purchase method. Initially, all assets, liabilities and additional intangible assets that are to be capitalized are measured at fair value regardless of the scope of any noncontrolling interests. Subsequently, the cost of acquiring the company is compared with the proportional share of the fair value of the net assets acquired. The resulting positive differences are capitalized as goodwill. Negative differences are reviewed once more, then recognized directly in the income statement.

Noncontrolling interests are measured at fair value at the date of acquisition proportional to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed (partial goodwill method).

The incidental acquisition costs of a business combination are recognized in the income statement under other operating expenses.

Foreign currency translation: The cost of assets acquired in foreign currencies and revenue from sales in foreign currencies are determined by the exchange rate on the date the transaction is recognized. Foreign currency receivables and liabilities are valued at the exchange rates on the balance sheet date. Changes in assets and liabilities arising from foreign currency translation are recognized in the income statement and reported under other operating income or expenses, other financial result, and in the case of financial assets measured at fair value through other comprehensive income, in other comprehensive income.

Translation of foreign currency financial statements: The translation of foreign currency financial statements depends on the functional currency of the consolidated companies. For companies whose functional currency is not the euro, translation into the reporting currency is based on the closing rate method: Balance sheet items are translated into euros using closing rates on the balance sheet date; expenses and income are translated into euros at monthly average rates and accumulated for the year. The difference between a company’s equity translated at historical rates at the time of acquisition or retention and its equity translated at closing rates on the balance sheet date is reported under other comprehensive income (translation adjustments) and is recognized in the income statement only upon the disposal of the company or a foreign business.

For certain companies outside the eurozone or U.S. dollar zone, the euro or U.S. dollar is the functional currency. In such cases, financial statements prepared in the local currency are translated into the functional currency using the temporal method: All nonmonetary assets and related depreciation and amortization as well as equity are translated at the exchange rate applying to the respective transactions. All other balance sheet items are translated using closing rates on the balance sheet date; other expenses and income are translated at monthly average rates. The resulting translation differences are recognized in the income statement under other operating income or expenses. If necessary, financial statements in the functional currency are translated into the presentation currency according to the closing rate method.

Selected exchange rates (EUR 1 equals)


Closing rates

Average rates


Dec. 31, 2022

Dec. 31, 2021



Brazil (BRL)





China (CNY)





Japan (JPY)





Malaysia (MYR)





Mexico (MXN)





Switzerland (CHF)





South Korea (KRW)





United States (USD)





United Kingdom (GBP)





1.4 Accounting policies

The accounting policies for the individual items in the balance sheet and the income statement are presented in the respective sections of the Notes.

Business combinations: In business combinations, the acquired assets and liabilities are recognized at fair value on the date the acquirer effectively obtains control. The fair value of acquired assets and assumed liabilities at the date of acquisition, as well as the useful lives of the acquired assets, are largely based on projected cash flows. Actual cash flows can deviate significantly from those. Independent external appraisals are typically used for the purchase price allocation of material business combinations. Valuations in the course of business combinations are based on existing information as of the acquisition date.

Groups of assets and liabilities held for sale (disposal groups): These comprise those assets and directly associated liabilities shown separately on the balance sheet whose sale in the context of a single transaction is highly probable. A transaction is assumed to be highly probable if there are no significant risks of completion of the transaction, which usually requires the conclusion of binding contracts. The assets and liabilities of disposal groups are recognized at the lower of the sum of their carrying amounts or fair value less costs to sell; this does not apply to assets that do not fall under the valuation principles of IFRS 5. Depreciation of noncurrent assets and the use of the equity method are suspended.

Use of estimates and assumptions in preparing the Consolidated Financial Statements

The carrying amount of assets, liabilities and provisions, contingent liabilities and other financial obligations reported in the Consolidated Financial Statements depends on the use of estimates, assumptions and discretionary scope. Specific estimates or assumptions used in individual accounting or valuation methods are disclosed in their respective sections of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements. They are based on the circumstances and estimates on the balance sheet date and thus affect the amounts of income and expenses shown for the reporting periods presented. These assumptions primarily relate to the determination of discounted cash flows in the context of impairment tests and purchase price allocations; the useful lives of depreciable property, plant and equipment and intangible assets; the carrying amount of shareholdings; and the measurement of provisions for items such as employee benefits, warranties, trade discounts, environmental protection and taxes. Although uncertainty is appropriately incorporated in the valuation factors, actual results can differ from these estimates. Furthermore, extraordinary challenges resulting from current geopolitical and economic developments are also considered. The war in Ukraine has significantly changed the economic environment in Europe. In particular, reduced gas supplies from Russia led to significantly higher prices in raw materials and energy and a high degree of insecurity regarding gas availability in general. The associated price increase in gas favors inflation and weakens the economy. Current inflation developments were taken into account both in the measurement of pension provisions and other provisions as well as in the fixed asset impairment tests.

Impairment tests on assets are carried out whenever certain triggering events indicate potential impairment. External triggering events include, for example, changes in customer industries, technologies used and economic downturns. Internal triggering events for an impairment test include lower product profitability, planned restructuring measures or physical damage to assets. Impairment tests entail a comparison of the carrying amount and the recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of fair value less costs to sell and the value in use. As a rule, value in use is determined using the discounted cash flow method. The estimation of cash flows and the assumptions used consider all information available on the respective balance sheet date on the future development of the operating business. Actual future developments may vary. Impairment testing relies upon the cash-generating unit’s long-term earnings forecasts, which are based on macroeconomic trends. In light of the war in Ukraine, appropriate consideration is being given to a scenario in which Russia permanently cuts off the gas supply which leads to negative impacts on production and sales planning as a result of considerable price increases on the energy and raw materials markets. The weighted average cost of capital (WACC) based on the capital asset pricing model plays an important role in impairment testing. It comprises a risk-free interest rate, the market risk premium and an industry-specific spread for the credit risk. Additional important assumptions are the forecasts for the detailed planning period and the terminal growth rates used. Fair value less costs to sell must be determined for the impairment test of disposal groups; specific assumptions relating to the respective transaction must be made for this determination.

An impairment is recognized if the recoverable amount of the asset is lower than the carrying amount. The impaired asset (excluding goodwill) is written down by the amount of the difference between these amounts.

The goodwill impairment test is based on cash-generating units. At BASF, these largely correspond to the business units, or in individual cases the divisions. If there is a need for impairment, the existing goodwill is, if necessary, completely written off as a first step. If there is further need for impairment, this is allocated to the remaining assets of the cash-generating unit. Goodwill impairments are reported under other operating expenses.

For more information, see:

Climate and sustainability-related developments: The chemical industry is resource-intensive. BASF is committed to the Paris Climate Agreement: Using resources as efficiently and responsibly as possible and the concept of a circular economy are firmly embedded in BASF’s strategy and its actions. BASF pursues clearly defined goals to reduce CO2 as well regarding the use of renewable and recycled raw materials. In this context, BASF always strives to employ raw materials more efficiently and improve production processes as well as to continually seek ways to use non-fossil, renewable or recycled feedstocks. Despite the current global political situation, the path to climate neutrality is resolutely being pursued. For this reason, current developments and measures relating to climate change and sustainability do not lead to fundamentally changed expectations with regard to useful lives or recoverability of the majority of noncurrent assets. There is also no material need for adjustments to provisions for environmental and restoration obligations. In individual cases, however, plants may be shut down if necessary for reasons of environmental protection.

Climate policies are also causing fundamental changes in the automotive industry, one of BASF’s key customer industries. The transition to electromobility will have a long-term negative impact on the emissions catalyst business. This development is reflected in a negative long-term growth rate for the Catalysts (excluding battery materials) cash-generating unit. Other BASF businesses will benefit from this transformation; for example, demand for innovative lightweight components and battery materials will grow. Furthermore, climate policies can influence the business of oil and gas producers such as Wintershall Dea, which BASF accounts for using the equity method. Nevertheless, given the large share of gas in Wintershall Dea’s production and reserves as well as the acceptance of gas as a bridge technology, it can be assumed that these assets are fundamentally recoverable. The price assumptions applied for the impairment test reflected current developments regarding climate neutrality as well as a possible oil and gas shortage due to lack of investment in this industry.

Withdrawal from business in Russia: Due to Russia’s war of aggression, BASF decided in April 2022 to wind down all the company’s business activities in Russia and Belarus, with the exception of business to support food production, as of July 10, 2022. This led to impairments on property, plant and equipment, inventories, trade accounts receivable as well as further assets. Sales with customers in Russia amounted to around 1% of the BASF Group’s sales in 2021.

Due to growing limitations on the influence it can exert on its shareholdings in Russia and the economic expropriation, Wintershall Dea deconsolidated its Russian exploration and production activities. Accordingly, the value of Wintershall Dea’s Russian shareholdings was remeasured and impairments were recognized for the European gas transportation business.

Value chain
A value chain describes the successive steps in a production process: from raw materials through various intermediate steps, such as transportation and production, to the finished product.

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